History & Geography
We endeavour to teach History and historical enquiry within a broad and balanced curriculum. Pupils leave school with a secure understanding of chronology; both in Britain and the wider world. Through carefully planned, progressive lessons, pupils are taught about the significance of different historical periods, key historical figures and how History has influenced their lives today. Our intention is that children learn both about History and from History adopting a curiosity and awareness of how History has been interpreted by different people at different times. Through the study of historical evidence and through exploring their local area, pupils will develop a deep understanding of the rich History of their locality. Perhaps more poignantly, pupils will leave our school aware of today’s challenges and how they will be viewed historically in later years.
History enables children to develop a context for their growing sense of identity and a chronological framework for their knowledge of significant events and people. What they learn through history can influence their decisions about personal choices, attitudes and values. Our intent, when teaching history, is to stimulate the children’s curiosity in order for them to develop their knowledge, skills and understanding.
For further detail, refer to the long-term plan.
History is taught through clear sequential learning mapped out from Early Years to Y6. Learning is organised starting from children’s own personal history first, and works backwards enabling children to develop a coherent knowledge and understanding of the past. Key concepts, knowledge and skills are introduced along with subject specific vocabulary to ensure our children become proficient historians. The curriculum is planned and sequenced so that existing knowledge is built on, and enhanced through carefully chosen visits, experiences and visitors.
The history long term plan sets out the key knowledge to be taught across the school and determines the teaching sequence. Short term planning details individual lesson content, pedagogy, resources, outcomes and key historical periods studied. Teachers ensure that their planning guides the acquisition and retention of new learning through a range of strategies rooted in cognitive science such as the use of regular retrieval practice. Lessons are delivered weekly by class teachers.
The impact of our History curriculum is to provide every child with the opportunity to be a historian. As a result of the overall curriculum design, including mapping of key concepts, knowledge, skills and end points as well as through the enhancement of the curriculum with specially selected visitors and local visits, pupils make outstanding progress over time across the key stages, relative to their individual starting point. Children are expected to leave our school reaching at least age-related expectations for History.
The impact of the History curriculum is evidenced in a range of ways, including pupil voice, lesson visits, LUNAR books and termly assessment analysis.
Geography is a valued part of our broad and balanced curriculum which provides our pupils with a purposeful platform for exploring, appreciating and understanding our world and how it has evolved. Clear knowledge and skills of the Geography curriculum are carefully mapped out across the school and are sequentially planned and are learned, revisited and built upon - learned, unlearned and relearned - creating a coherent global understanding for our pupils.
Teaching key concepts such as place, space, scale, environment and interconnections and provide children with opportunities for field world and developing key geographical skills, as well as inspiring a love of learning in Geography. Along with the key concepts, subject specific vocabulary is taught to enable pupils to communicate effectively.
The Geography curriculum is planned to develop in pupils a greater understanding and knowledge of the world, as well as their place in it, and knowledge and understanding of key concepts are developed and deepened as children grow.
For example, as pupils progress through the primary age range, knowledge develops from local geography, to recalling the countries of the UK, to cities in England, to capital cities of the world, to physical and human landmarks of the different continents. Additionally, progression is demonstrated from comparative studies in Y1 within the UK, to a nearby and far away city in Y2, to our own and a faraway continent in Y3. In Key Stage 2 opportunities arise to deepen understanding of the skills and knowledge to understanding climate change both locally and nationally where relevant issues important to our community and children are explored.
The design of the Geography curriculum enables the children to understand their home, and how they can protect, preserve and develop their immediate surroundings for future generations as those who are custodians of God’s creation.
For further detail, refer to the long-term plan.
Our Geography curriculum is taught through a clearly sequenced curriculum, where learning is carefully mapped from EYFS to Y6 to ensure that the understanding of key concepts is developed in each year.
The geography Long Term Plan maps out the teaching sequence for each year group, demonstrating progression through the key concepts that have been identified by leaders through the design of the curriculum. Our curriculum focuses on developing the skills necessary for children to understand the changes of the world around them and the impact that they have on the world. Taught as an independent subject, the progressive curriculum builds up key knowledge and skills as pupils move though the primary curriculum.
It is planned to ensure a rich education in which pupils develop a depth of understanding and a broad range of knowledge, allowing them to manipulate and make links across concepts and topics. Knowledge is taught to be remembered, stored in long-term memory and developed and use of high-quality knowledge organisers, which are regularly reviewed, enable children to use retrieval strategies to ensure that knowledge is remembered. The curriculum is organised in a way which continuously builds and revisits knowledge so that pupils are able to apply generalisations to further understand the world around them. A strength of our geography curriculum is that it unites natural sciences and social sciences together as one discipline. This interdependence is integral for children to understand and see the complexity of geography.
Geography is an essential part of learning in the Early Years Foundation Stage as it is incorporated in everyday learning through Understanding of the World. The geographical aspects of the children’s work relate to the objectives set out in the early learning goals (ELGs).
In KS1, the children will begin by learning about their local environment and how place and space is used. They will be able to name and locate continents and oceans of the world as well as identifying the countries that make up the United Kingdom and their capital cities. Children in key stage one will also begin to identify human and physical locations by looking at natural and man-made items in their local area.
In KS2, children will develop locational and place knowledge by using maps, atlases and digital media such as google earth to name and locate counties, countries and cities around the world. They will use fieldwork and skills to collect and analyse data as well as looking closely at physical and human processes such as urbanisation, volcanoes, earthquakes and global warming.
Lessons will be delivered weekly by class teachers. Learning will be reviewed regularly with the use of retrieval practice based around practical tasks and challenges, in order to assess and address gaps in knowledge which could hinder children’s progression.
Individual lessons include the preparation of high-quality resources. Teachers ensure that their planning guides the acquisition and retention of new learning through a range of strategies rooted in cognitive science such as the use of retrieval practice.
Our Geography curriculum enables our pupils to develop an appreciation and understanding of the lives, experiences and actions of people around the world and to think critically and ask key questions in their roles as global citizens.
The sequenced learning challenges and engages children to understand more about the world around them, inspiring in pupils a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will remain with them for the rest of their lives. This understanding allows them to have the cultural capital and enrichment opportunities to enable them to become well-informed geographers with the potential to be cartographers, town planners, conservationists, meteorologist, marine biologist or weather forecasters.
By the end of KS2, children will have learned the knowledge, concepts and skills laid out and will be prepared for the next stage in their education. The curriculum is coherent and sequential and builds on prior learning with frequent opportunities for practical application of knowledge and skills through project and field work. Frequent self-assessment and teacher reviews show that pupils are able to recall and apply the taught content, learning more and remembering more.